Three deadly myths about railroad crossings
By John Fabry
Myth # 1: Railroad crossing collisions are rare
According to Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) records, railroad tracks and public roads intersect at more than 154,000 locations in the United States. More than 11,500 of those intersections, known as grade crossings, are in Texas. Nearly 70% of the grade crossings in Texas do not have gates and signal lights to warn drivers when a train is approaching.
Last year, 2,924 grade crossing collisions were reported to the FRA nationally, resulting in 324 deaths and many more injuries. Texas was an unfortunate leader in those statistics, with 282 collisions and 36 deaths in 2003. As you consider these statistics, keep in mind that the accuracy of the FRA’s information depends upon the data collection and reporting processes of the nation’s railroads. The FRA admits: “It is not possible to identify reportable events that were omitted from a railroad’s submission.” In other words, the numbers could actually be even higher.
Myth #2: A driver can always see an approaching train
Trees, vegetation, buildings and other structures along a road leading to a crossing can block a driver’s view of an approaching train. If the road intersects railroad tracks at a skewed angle, the driver might not be able to see an approaching train. Where more than one track is present at a crossing, a parked locomotive and/or rail cars on one track can obstruct the view of an approaching train on the other track.
According to the American Association of State Highway Officials, “Site distance is a primary consideration at crossings without signals or gates. The condition at a railroad grade crossing is comparable to that of intersecting highways where a corner site triangle must be kept clear of obstructions.” Drivers must not only be able to see an approaching train, but have enough time to stop before reaching the tracks.
Myth #3: Crossing collisions occur because the driver broke the law or tried to beat the train
Drivers in Texas approaching a railroad crossing equipped only with the familiar cross buck sign are required to yield the right-of-way to a train in “hazardous proximity” to the crossing. Although it might seem obvious, Texas courts have recognized that drivers must have a reasonable opportunity to learn of a train in hazardous proximity to a crossing before they can be expected to yield the right-of-way. As at least one court has noted, “[e]very railroad crossing is a place of danger.” However, Texas law recognizes that some crossings are “extra-hazardous.” A crossing is extra-hazardous if it is “so dangerous that persons using ordinary care cannot pass over it in safety” without some warning other than the cross buck sign.
A crossing may be classified as extra-hazardous if a permanent condition (such as a building), or a temporary condition (such as parked railcars), obstructs a driver’s view of an approaching train. The railroad has a duty to use extraordinary measures to warn drivers of an approaching train at extra-hazardous crossings. Extraordinary measures might include gates, signal lights, bells, or a railroad employee waving a flag. The railroad may be held responsible if the failure to provide such warnings results in a collision with a vehicle attempting to cross its tracks.
If you or someone you know has been injured by a railroad crossing, please call (713) 352-7071.